In 1963, after the Ramadan revolution, the Baath Party government, led by Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, launched a campaign against the Kurdish rebellion that had sought Iraq`s independence. The Baath-led government collapsed after the November 1963 coup under Abdul Salam Arif. Relations between the new government and the Kurds have not been agreed. In 1968, the Baath Party and the Iraqi government experienced another revolution called the July 17 revolution. Tensions between the new government and the Kurds have escalated and the Iraqi armed forces are taking military action against Kurdish separatists. The action of the Kurdish rebels has caused massive economic unrest. On 11 March 1970, a contract was signed in Tikrit between the Vice-President of the Revolutionary Command Council (Iraq), Saddam Hussein, and the leader of the Kurdish rebellion, Mustafa al-Barzani, to end the conflict.  As part of the agreement, the militias were to be merged with the Iraqi army, all ties with Iran would be severed and the rebellion would end. In exchange, the Iraqi government promised autonomy to the Kurds, associating Kurdish representatives with the Iraqi government.  The government had previously encouraged the “Arabization” of oil-rich Kurdish regions.
 Until 1974, there were unresolved problems between the government and the Kurds regarding the oil resources of the Kurdish regions of Iraq. Kurdish ministers resigned from the government, Kurdish personnel withdrew and Kurdish police and soldiers no longer cooperated with the government. The Iraqi government insisted that the Kurds be bound by the agreement, but the Kurds believed it was the government that had violated the agreement. On March 11, 1974, the agreement was enshrined in the Iraqi constitution.  Fighting broke out again between the Iraqi army and Kurdish forces, with Iran supporting the Kurds.  The agreement was signed to settle border disputes and then served as the basis for other bilateral treaties, but it was denounced in 1980 by Saddam Hussein, then Iraq`s vice-president. The communiqué announced an agreement on four formalities. In addition to the river border and the cessation of infiltration, it was said that Iraq and Iran would define their land borders and consider the three indivisible elements of a set of settlements. The 2015 agreement lifted sanctions in exchange for Iran limiting aspects of its nuclear program, but Mr. Trump withdrew the deal. The agreement calls for an agreement on border demarcation, possession of oil fields and the settlement of disputes over Shatt Al-Arab, as indicated in a joint statement issued on the second day of a meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani of the Prime Minister`s Office in Iraq.
But the treaty was terminated by Iraq in 1980 by former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein shortly after the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, making Ruhollah Khomeini the leader of the new republic. Five days after Iraq abolished the agreement on September 17, 1980, Baghdad launched a vast invasion of Iran, which resulted in an eight-year war. The agreement, commonly known as the Algiers Agreement, was signed in 1975 and aimed to settle border disputes between Iran and Iraq. It served as a roadmap to improve relations between the two countries. The agreement signed here invited the foreign ministers of the two countries to meet in Tehran, the Iranian capital, to prepare a controversial border demarcation by a joint committee. The agreement, proclaimed at the final meeting of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, to which the two nations belong, appeared to be a breakthrough in the clashes around the Kurdish rebellion in northern Iraq and navigation rights in the Shatt al Arab.